Why we must reform farm funding to save our Wild Isles

The latest episode of David Attenborough’s epic TV series, Wild Isles, has highlighted the importance of managing farmland with nature in mind. In this blog, our Head of Land Use Policy, Vicki Swales, explains the opportunity we have in Scotland to move towards more nature- and climate-friendly farming.


While Wild Isles has given starring roles to species familiar to us in Scotland, the reality is we are one of the most nature-depleted countries in the world. Many species have been affected by the way we have managed our land over recent decades – habitat has been lost as hedgerows have been removed and wetlands drained, and food sources have been lost as pesticide use has increased. You can see the crisis facing our farmland wildlife in the graphics below. Species such as Curlew, Kestrel, Lapwing, and Oystercatcher are all in serious trouble.

 Infographics show the declines of various farmland bird populations. Between 1995 and 2020, kestrel, curlew and lapwing all decreased by at least 60%, while oystercatcher declined by 36%. Corncrake came close to extinction in the 1990s.

Why farming matters

Agriculture is the largest use of land in Scotland, with around three-quarters of our land being farmed. Currently, less than 10% of public funding given to the industry pays for farming methods that support nature and tackle climate change. This must change. If we can transform how we farm, we can secure big wins for our wildlife, while continuing to produce healthy food and provide rural jobs.

A major report produced by the RSPB last year, ‘A world richer in nature’, identified four specific actions for Scotland:

  • Maintain the current level of public funding for farming but ensure most is spent on supporting land management and farming methods that are nature-friendly and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Increase the amount of funding spent on advice, knowledge transfer and training.
  • Increase the area of organic land from 2% to 10% by 2030.
  • Implement food system change through the Good Food Nation Act (2022) to support the transition toward more nature friendly forms of agriculture.

Later this year, there will be an opportunity to ensure farming policy is reformed and the more than half a billion pounds of farming subsidy handed out each year helps nature and our climate. The Scottish Parliament will debate an Agriculture Bill which will set the framework for future farming policy.

What you can do

We will need your help to press the case and ensure nature’s voice is heard.

Right now, we need you to share this blog, so more people understand why reforming farm funding matters for the wildlife that we saw so brilliantly highlighted in the latest episode of Wild Isles.

And then, if you have not already, please sign up for updates from our Scotland campaigns team, so you stay up to date with our work on agriculture:

With your help, we can ensure a brighter future for the nature that depends on Scotland’s farmland.


Header image shows a close up of a lapwing in a grassy field. Credit: Ben Andrew